Vacuum Excavation: Best Practices for Top Productivity
There are many methods of excavation that are employed in digging. Some are older methods that are more traditional in nature while others are more modern. The process of digging has improved in ease of digging, speed and safety due to the fact that drilling companies are using these new methods. An example is the vacuum excavation method that uses either water or air in the process. Here are some tips and practices for efficient vacuum excavation.
There are some soils that are hard-packed and heavy, where air cannot penetrate well. In such scenarios, water can be used in vacuuming in a process called hydro excavation. On the other hand, where the soil is loose, sandy and with a lot of gravel, dry or air excavation is recommended. Safety wise, dry excavation is the better alternative because it will not damage older pipes and brittle electricity wires because it has no water pressure like in hydro excavation.
In the excavation process, the sizes of the vacuuming pumps to be used to store air or water should be noted in relation to the size of the trucks to be used. When the size of the pump in use matches the size of the water or air tanks, then the desired vacuum power will be realized. If the intended outcome is massive vacuum power, then it is required that the tanks for holding air or water, and the pump be big enough. Where there is going to be excavation using both wet and dry methods of excavation, then you are going to need above average tanks.
While vacuuming- whether wet or dry- is generally a safer method than older traditional digging methods, proper safety considerations should be observed while digging. Before handling and operating the excavation machines, the workers should be taught safety procedures. Special training for the people going to operate the machines should first take place before they start. All their operators must be shown how to use them safely. Due to the presence of underground utility pipes and power lines, the operators of the machinery should be careful. Proper gear and clothing is a necessity for workers. Dielectric boots and hand gloves are examples.
Digging using the vacuuming method provides precision in the excavation process. Sometimes things do not always go right in the excavation process. This can be caused by mistakenly digging in the wrong site due to wrong identification process or human error. Such mistakes can cause interference with electric lines and gas pipes leading to gas explosions or electrocution. For this reason, it is vital to contact the relevant authorities and confirm that the intended digging site is the right one, and get the necessary maps.
The vacuum trucks and the pumps that the drilling company uses to dig should be well maintained. This makes sure the machines perform according to their maximum ability. Considering that tear and wear is normal, the machines should occasionally be checked. Lubrication of the machines used, especially the moving parts should be regularly done. Parts like nozzles and hoses need regular examination. The outlined practices will assist in successful vacuum excavation.